In the case you advertise your real estate at website of airbnb and receive fee, most of cases, your activity is included in Hotel Business, Inn business, lodge business.
If your guest uses exclusive western style room, it is hotel business.
If your guest uses exclusive Japanese style room, it is Inn business.
If your guests shares rooms with other guest, it is lodge business.
(even if your guest stay in your lodge with his wife, he can not close the door with key. Though in the case of Japanese style room, key will not equipped)
So, generally you need to obtain Hotel license or Inn license or Lodge license (referred to “hotel license”) to operate it legally.
In 15th, June, 2018, new Minpaku law will become effective.
If you can register or notify your real estate based on new Minpaku law, you do not need to obtain hotel license.
However in the case of New minpaku law, you can accept guests up to 180 days per a year.
If you purchase or rent a real estate and operate only 180 days per a year, you can not make enough profit.
So, it may be better to obtain hotel license.
In 15th, June, 2018, hotel business law is also scheduled to altered.
Before this alternation, hotel (western style hotel) and Inn (Japanese style hotel) are differently treated.
In order to operate hotel business, the number of your rooms should be ten or more.
In order to obtain Inn license, the number of room should be five or more.
However after alternation, Hotel license and Inn license are consolidated. (hereinafter referred to “Hotel Inn License”)
Then regulation concerning with the number of rooms will be removed.
So, you may be able to operate Hotel business at one unit.
As of now, in order to obtain hotel license, the rooms should be western style. You need to prepare bed. And each room should equip with key and each room should be separated by wall.
However after alternation, you can obtain Hotel Inn License at Japanese style room. You can use Futon. In the case of Japanese room, each room may not equip with key.
However after this alternation, you can obtain Hotel Inn License without key.
In the case of Japanese style room, there is not wall, but Fusuma = partition made by paper.
However after 15th, June, 2018,it is not problem any more.
And in order to obtain Hotel Inn License, room area should be ７square meters or more.
(in the case there is a bed, ９ square meters or more. In the case of lodge license, 3.3 square meters per one guest is necessary. So, if you accept only one guest, you can use a room of 3.3 square meters）
You do not need to prepare Front desk as far as you can use ICT equipment (video camera etc. There is a company that provides such equipment. Your guest can enter your hotel by smartphone. So, you do not need to deliver key).
As of now, in the case of Hotel or Inn business license, you need to prepare front desk.
In the case of Lodge business license, you do not need to prepare front desk even before alternation, if capacity of guest is ten or less.
(depending on city, ward, you need to prepare front desk, though)
However you still need to be ready for solve emergency situation and confirm content of guest ledger. And you need to prevent from entering a person who is not guest of your Hotel.(Someone other than your guest will try to stay in your hotel with your guest).
Regulation relating to the number of lavatory will be removed. As far as you need to prepare suitable number of lavatory.
On the other hand, maximum amount of fine for non licensed operator ( a person who operates hotel business without license) becomes up to one million yen.
Each municipal government, city office, ward office can stipulate each ordinance. So, depending on city, you still need to prepare necessary facilities, including front desk and station of employee.
Even after alternation of hotel business law, you can not obtain hotel inn business license at exclusive residential zone.
So, when you purchase a real estate, confirmation with authority is necessary.
(in the case of new Minpaku law, you can operate it at exclusive residential zone as far as city office does not stipulate ordinance)
You can fine article relating to ordinance here
(Updated in 2018,24th,feb)
(posted in linkedin2018,24th,feb)