How to obtain permit to buy farm land in Japan

When you hope to purchase farming land in Japan, you need to contact with local agricultural affairs committee.

English language Japanese language
agricultural affairs committee Nougyou iin kai =のうぎょういいんかい

It sometimes located in local city hall.

Now, I will illustrate how to obtain permit in accordance with agricultural law in Japan.

Basically there are two type of permit to purchase farm land in Japan.

Summary of Article 3 of agricultural land act :

In the case you purchase, rent agricultural land for the purpose of farming, you need to obtain permit from agricultural committee.

( Just in case, Japanese version.

農地又は採草放牧地について所有権を移転し、又は地上権、永小作権、質権、使用貸借による権利、賃借権若しくはその他の使用及び収益を目的とする権利を設定し、若しくは移転する場合には、政令で定めるところにより、当事者が農業委員会の許可を受けなければならない。ただし、次の各号のいずれかに該当する場合及び第五条第一項本文に規定する場合は、この限りでない。 )

Summary of Article 5 of agricultural land act :

In the case you purchase agricultural land for the purpose of converting the farming into residential land, you need to obtain permit from agricultural committee.

Here, I will explain about the case you purchase a farm land to manage farming there.

If you want to obtain this permit, you need to become a farmer.

If you are salaried worker in Tokyo, you will not be able to obtain this permit in Niigata prefecture.
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Because, if you are living outside Niigata prefecture, you can keep your farm land in appropriate condition.

I will illustrate necessary process by citing the case of Sado city, Niigata prefecture.

how to buy farm land in Japan, farming land Japan, niigata farm land sado city,

In the case you try to obtain permit from in order to obtain permit agricultural land committee of Sado city, you need to live in Sado city at the timing of making application for permit.

You need to submit certificate of residence ( Juminhyo = じゅうみんひょう ) that is issued by Sado city hall.

So, if you are going to purchase farm land and neighboring residential land and house, you need to purchase residential land and house at first.

The contract to purchase residential land, farm land, house should include special clause that you can revoke this purchase contract without penalty if you cannot get permit from agricultural affairs bureau.

Then you live in the house and acquire certificate of residence issued by Sado city.

And you can make application for this permit.

At the timing of making this application for permit from agricultural affairs committee, you do not need to specify the date of payment of purchase price of farm land.

However, once you have obtained this permit, you need to purchase the farm land without delay.

There is other option.

At first you rent an apartment in Sado city and transfer your legal address to Sado city and acquire certificate of residence.

Then, you can make application for permit from agricultural affairs committee ( farming land committee = No gyo iin kai ).

Even if you have a job other than farming, you can get permit.

But if agricultural affairs committee think that you are very busy in your other job and you can not participate in farming, you cannot get permit.

You can hire a person to sustain your farm land.
But, you also need to participate in this activity.

In order to obtain this permit, you need to become a farmer and make effort to sustain your farmland.

You can not abandon your farmland.

When you obtain this permit, you need to promise that you are sustain this farm land in appropriate situation.

So, you can not make hotel on the farm land.

According to Article 3 of agricultural land act ( Nouchi hou = 農地法 = のうちほう ), you need to submit application form to agricultural land committee.

The content of this paper is different from each city.

In this paper, you  need to specify your business plan in advance.

For example, ” I will establish hotel in neighboring forest land and operate hotel business.

I cultivate vegetable in farm land and serve fresh vegetables to our guests.”.

They will be able to accept this business plan.

At the timing of application for permit for purchasing farming land, you need to specify what kind of crops you are going to make in the farm.

In order to sustain your farm land in suitable situation,  Agricultural affairs committee  think farm tool ( farming equipment = nouki  = 農機) is necessary.

Even if you do not own it, you may rent it.

Even if you have not found how you acquire it, you need to indicate your plan to acquire it.

For instance, ” I will rent an cultivator from Mr Yamada.”

In this area, if you purchase farm land, the acreage of farm land should be at least 2000 ㎡.

Because, if the acreage of farm land is small, you can not get enough profit from farm land.

If you can not get enough profit, you can not become a professional farmer.

Agricultural affairs committee do not issue permit for the persons who want to start farming for their hobby.

You need to promise that you use this lot as farm land at least 3 years.

If you have prepared all necessary documents to obtain permit from agricultural affairs committee, you can send it by post.

However, when they issue certificate of permit, they can not send it by post.

So, you need to go to local Agricultural affairs committee.

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