When a foreigner buys real estate in Japan, notification to the Minister of Finance is necessary based on Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act ( Gaikoku kawase hou = 外国為替法 = 外為法 ).

In the case non resident ( even if he is Japanese national ) purchases a real estate in Japan, notification to the Minister of Finance is necessary based on Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act ( Gaikoku kawase hou = 外国為替法 = 外為法 ).
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When a non resident of Japan, or foreign company  ( hereinafter referred to non resident = Hi kyoju sha = 非居住者 ) acquires ownership of real estate in Japan, it is called ” capital transaction” = Shihon torihiki = 資本取引.
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And Non residents have to notify the Minister of Finance of the content of the transaction through the Bank of Japan within 20 days after transaction.
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Even if non resident acquires ownership of real estate owing to inheritance or gift, he has this obligation.
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However there are some exceptions.
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1 When a non resident acquires the real estate for his or his relative, or employee’s residence.
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( In the event non resident purchases real estate for second house, submission of this paper is required.

In the event non resident purchases a real estate for renting out, submission of this paper is required.)
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2 When a non resident engages in non profit activity and he acquires the real estate for its purpose.

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3 When non resident acquires the real estate for her office.
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4 When non resident acquires the real estate from other non resident.
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Non resident submits documents to the Bank of Japan and he can send it by post.

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And he can hire agent without providing power of attorney is not necessary.
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Here is the link to this document.
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Japanese Real estate transaction by foreigners
( website of Bank of Japan. Japanese language only, though. So, I can assist you if you have any help. )

Sample of this document
real estate transaction by foreigners foreign exchange and foreign trade

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